An edition of: WaterAtlas.orgPresented By: USF Water Institute

Water-Related News

Water Atlas program, faculty, Atlas sponsors receive FLMS Awards

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The USF Water Institute was one of five recipients of FLMS Awards of Excellence at the 2017 Florida Lake Management Society symposium in Captiva Island. Former USF Water Institute faculty member Jim Griffin was honored by the Society with its highest award, the Marjorie Carr Award, for lifetime achievement.

The USF Water Institute received the Marjory Stoneman Douglas Award, given to individuals or organizations who report on aquatic resource issues, for its use of informatics to publicly disseminate data and supporting, explanatory information related to water resource management.

Dr. Jim Griffin, principal investigator for the Water Atlas program from 2005 until he retired in 2014, received the Marjorie Carr Award, the Florida Lake Management Society’s highest award. It is given for lifetime work on behalf of Florida’s aquatic resources. The award is named in honor of Marjorie Carr who, among other things, organized citizens and brought to an end the proposed Cross Florida Barge Canal.

Other 2017 FLMS award recipients:

Judy Ott received the Edward Deevey, Jr. Award, given to an individual for contributing to our scientific understanding of Florida’s water bodies. Edward Devey was an internationally recognized limnologist and was affiliated with the State Museum of Florida at the time of his death. Judy retired in March after nine years as program scientist for the Charlotte Harbor National Estuary Program.

The Seminole County SERV Program received the Dr. Daniel E. Canfield Jr. Volunteerism Award, given to a volunteer organization or outstanding volunteer for significant contributions to the research, restoration, and/or preservation of our water resources. The award is named after Dr. Daniel Canfield, founder of Florida LAKEWATCH, the pioneering citizen-volunteer water quality monitoring program involving over 1,200 lakes statewide, and now being emulated across the United States. The Seminole Education, Restoration and Volunteer (SERV) Program works to actively restore and educate people on how to protect the waterways and natural areas of Seminole County.

Nia Wellendorf, Environmental Administrator for the Florida Department of Environmental Protection, received the FLMS Young Professional Award, presented to a young lake management professional who exhibits exemplary professional accomplishments and a commitment to water resource protection and management of our lakes and watersheds.

Tom Palmer: Problem of water use is not a new issue

To hear some political leaders discuss the increasing challenges of addressing water supply issues lately, you might think this is a relatively recent issue.

It isn’t.

Parker notes that Florida has had worse floods and droughts than some of the events that triggered the formation of Florida’s water management districts.

He added, however, that in the days when Florida’s population was smaller, people could manage to get water somehow and generally had enough sense not to build in flood-prone areas.

Parker made some other points that are relevant to water planning today.

Ground water and surface water are only different sides of the same hydrologic coin and must be managed as a single resource.

Mid-summer cleanup is Saturday, July 8

Calling all volunteers for a mid-summer cleanup on July 8! The most help for the cleanup is needed at the Skyway fishing piers. Other sites include Fort De Soto Park, Tampa Bay Watch, Weedon Island Preserve, kayak/canoes only at Coffee Pot Bayou, Palonis Park in Tampa and Leffis Key and Coquina Beach in Manatee County. This event is an effort to clean up after the Fourth of July holiday weekend.

Coppertail Brewing Company and Cigar City Brewing Company will generously provide beer for our hard-working volunteers beginning at 11:30 am at Tampa Bay Watch.

This event is in partnership with Keep Pinellas Beautiful, Keep Tampa Bay Beautiful, and Manatee County Department of Parks and Natural Resources.

Click on your desired site to register to volunteer: Skyway Fishing Piers, Palonis Park, Tampa, Coffee Pot Bayou (canoes and kayaks only), & Leffis Key & Coquina Beach, Manatee County. They've already recruited enough help at Fort De Soto Park, Tampa Bay Watch & Weedon Island Preserve.

Boaters needed for Crab Trap Removal on July 15

Tampa Bay Watch is recruiting volunteer boaters to remove abandoned crab traps from the bay during the temporary closure of blue crab fishery on Saturday, July 15. In Tampa Bay, it is estimated that there are hundreds of abandoned crab traps that have been accumulating in the water for decades. The temporary closure is a unique opportunity that only happens once every two years. It allows us to go out and remove any trap from the water because during the closed season, all blue and stone crab traps are considered derelict. Not just anyone can remove a trap. If you are interested in being involved, you must be a part of an organized effort that has been authorized by FWC such as our event on July 15.

Derelict crab traps are a problem for several reasons: they continue to ghost fish (fishing that continues despite the inactivity of the trap) killing not only the crabs but several other recreationally and commercially important species. They also pose a navigational hazard to boaters and can cause damage to valuable and sensitive habitats such as seagrass. Manatees, dolphins and sea turtles can also become entangled in the trap line causing injury or death.

Please let them know if you know of an area where there are a lot of derelict crab traps so we can arrange to take care of them during the closure.

We are partnering with ReelCycle who will pick up all of the traps from each location and recycle all of the trap material.

Who: Anyone with a boat that is willing to help remove abandoned traps from the waters. Tampa Bay Watch will provide tarps, but your boat will get dirty. A limited number of spots may be available for participants that do not have boats (this will be on a waiting list basis).

When: Saturday, July 15 from 9am to noon

Where: We are recruiting volunteers for six different locations throughout the bay, so you can choose which location you would prefer to participate. The locations are:

  • Belleair Causeway boat ramp in Belleair Bluffs
  • Upper Tampa Bay at Courtney Campbell Causeway boat ramp
  • Alafia River at Williams Park boat ramp
  • Boca Ciega Bay at Fort De Soto boat ramp
  • St. Petersburg at Demen’s Landing boat ramp
  • We already have enough boats at Cockroach Bay boat ramp

  • Click here to register for the project!

Local governments, more or less, tackling effects of climate change

In the future, Holmes Beach City Hall may be reachable only by boat.

Predictions from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration show seaside cities gradually taking on water like a weather-worn ship. Granted, these aren’t immediate changes — the median prediction of sea level rise will reach up to 6 feet of water by the year 2100.

While doubts about climate change’s effects persist throughout the United States, rising seas, acidic oceans and stronger storms are already being felt on the Gulf Coast.

On the front lines, Gulf Coast leaders know it’s there. But what’s being done to address it?

Some residents may have to boil their water this week

Some residents may have to temporarily boil their water after their water will be shut off for a six-hour period, the Manatee County Utilities Department announced.

On Wednesday from 9 a.m. to 3 p.m., Manatee County water customers who live on 42nd Avenue East between South Tamiami Trail/44th Avenue West and Fifth Street East will have their water shut off due to a water line tie-in. A precautionary water boil notice has been issued for after the water is turned back on; all water used for drinking or cooking should be boiled, or bottled water should be used.

The utilities department suggests that one minute of a rolling boil should be enough.

The boil notice will be in effect until two water samples are tested to meet water quality standards, which normally takes between 24 and 48 hours. If the second test deems the water questionable or unsafe, the precautionary boil will continue. A rescission notice will be issued when the water is safe.

Anyone with questions can contact the utilities department at 941-792-8811 ext. 5216 from 7 a.m. to 3:30 p.m., or 941-747-4357 after hours or on weekends.

Lionfish derby to be held July 7-9 off Sarasota

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Join Mote Marine Laboratory for the fourth annual Sarasota Lionfish Derby, which invites scuba divers to compete for more than $3,500 in cash prizes by netting or spearing lionfish in an effort to control the spread of this invasive species.

The derby will take place from July 7-9 with its home base at Mote, 1600 Ken Thompson Parkway in Sarasota, Florida. This derby is the first of four in the 2017 Summer Lionfish Derby Series coordinated by Reef Environmental Education Foundation (REEF). On July 9, approximately six culinary partners will compete to prepare the best lionfish dishes during the derby’s public event at Mote. Details below.

Register for the Sarasota Derby or others in the summer series: www.reef.org/lionfish/derbies.

Mote Marine Laboratory, a world-class marine science institution, will host the Lionfish Derby in cooperation with Reef Environmental Education Foundation (REEF), which helps study and address the lionfish invasion and sanctions official Lionfish Derbies.

MOTE releases loggerhead sea turtle off Lido Key

Mote Marine Laboratory released subadult loggerhead sea turtle "Ms. Marker" Monday, June 5, from Lido Key, following one-and-a-half months of rehabilitative care at Mote’s Sea Turtle Rehabilitation.

On April 14, 2017, a couple of anglers found the subadult turtle floating on top of the water and called Mote, which transported the turtle to its Sea Turtle Rehabilitation Hospital.

Upon rescue, Ms. Marker was extremely lethargic and suffered from some neurological issues, which indicated that Florida red tide algae toxins may have affected the turtle. Initial diagnostics showed an elevated glucose level and a low white blood cell count. Mote staff provided excellent care including food, daily fluids and antibiotic therapy to treat the low white blood cell count.

Water efficiency in rural areas getting worse, despite improvements in urban centers

A nationwide analysis of water use over the past 30 years finds that there is a disconnect between rural and urban areas, with most urban areas becoming more water efficient and most rural areas becoming less and less efficient over time.

“Understanding water use is becoming increasingly important, given that climate change is likely to have a profound impact on the availability of water supplies,” said Sankar Arumugam, a professor of civil, construction and environmental engineering at North Carolina State University in Raleigh and lead author of a new study on the work. “This research helps us identify those areas that need the most help, and highlights the types of action that may be best suited to helping those areas.”

The new paper in Earth’s Future, a journal of the American Geophysical Union, stems from a National Science Foundation-funded, interuniversity research project which focuses on understanding how water sustainability in the United States has changed over the past 30 years because of climate change and population growth.

For this paper, researchers evaluated water use data at the state and county level for the 48 contiguous states. Specifically, the researchers looked at water-use efficiency, measured as per capita consumption, in 5-year increments, from 1985 to 2010.

Scott vetoes spending for citrus canker claims, water projects

Gov. Rick Scott on Friday vetoed $37.4 million to pay for citrus canker judgments along with $15.4 million for local water projects.

Canker is a bacterial disease that blemishes a tree's fruit and can cause it to drop prematurely. To protect Florida's $9 billion dollar citrus industry, more than 16 million trees, including 865,000 residential trees, were destroyed statewide, beginning in 2000.

In his veto letter, Scott said only that he was striking the spending for citrus judgments for Broward and Lee counties because of "ongoing litigation."

Overall, Scott vetoed $410 million from the $82 billion budget. A special session is scheduled for next week to provide funding from the vetoes for education, economic development and the Visit Florida tourism marketing agency.

Summer fertilizer restrictions begin June 1

From June 1 through Sept. 30, as part of fertilizer restricted season, local residents may not apply fertilizers containing nitrogen or phosphorus to lawns and landscape plants.

Fertilizer restrictions apply to all residential and commercial properties, including landscapes maintained by lawn care professionals. These laws prevent fertilizer runoff from frequent summer rains from washing down storm drains and into our rivers, lakes, bays and the Gulf of Mexico. The summer nitrogen ban runs through September 30, typically the end of our rainy season.

Phosphorous is prohibited year-round as Florida soils are naturally abundant in phosphorous. At garden centers, look for “summer-safe” products with 0-0 as the first two numbers on the fertilizer label.

Follow these Florida-friendly lawn care practices to maintain an attractive and healthy landscape over the summer:

  • Pump some iron. An application of iron, readily available at most garden centers, will keep your lawn green during the summer without causing it to grow more (so you have to mow more!).
  • Get Better Dirt. Mix in composted cow or chicken manure, or your own home compost, to enrich your soil. It’s like giving vitamins to your yard.
  • Mow high. Set your lawn mower blade to 3.5- 4 inches high for standard St. Augustine grass to encourage strong, deep roots that resist fungus and pests.
  • Pick better plants. Buy plants adapted to Florida’s hot, humid climate and plant them in the right place according to their sun and water needs. They’ll need less water, fertilizer and chemicals year-round, and you’ll have more time for bicycling, boating, grilling or just relaxing by the pool.
  • Look for the BMP decal. All lawn care professionals that apply fertilizer must vet certified and display a Best Management Practices decal on their company vehicle.
  • Let only rain down your storm drain. Sweep or blow grass clippings that get on sidewalks, driveways, streets, etc. back onto your yard.

USGS study Finds 28 types of cyanobacteria in Florida algal bloom

A new U.S. Geological Survey study that looked at the extensive harmful algal bloom that plagued Florida last year found far more types of cyanobacteria present than previously known.

Twenty-eight species of cyanobacteria were identified in the extensive bloom, which occurred in the summer of 2016 in southern Florida’s Lake Okeechobee, the St. Lucie Canal and River, and the Caloosahatchee River. As the guacamole like sludge created by the bloom began to stick together, it formed a thick, floating mat that coated river and coastal waters and shorelines – affecting tourism, killing fish, and in some cases, making people sick.

The culprit causing the bloom was a well-known species of cyanobacteria called Microcystis aeruginosa. However, water samples collected by state and federal agencies before and during the disruptive bloom on Lake Okeechobee and the Okeechobee waterway were analyzed by the USGS and found to contain 27 other species of cyanobacteria.

New research vessel to impact marine research across Florida

With the crack of two bottles of champagne and the blessing from a local priest, Florida’s newest research vessel, the R/V W.T. Hogarth, was christened and launched for the first-time Tuesday May 23, 2017.

The 78-foot vessel, named after William T. Hogarth, Ph.D, the Florida Institute of Oceanography’s former director and the former dean of the University of South Florida’s College of Marine Science, will be used to support research efforts by USF, as well as more than two dozen institutions and agencies across Florida.

Legislators worked hard to keep the contract local, and challenged Duckworth Steel Boats of Tarpon Springs with designing and building the ship.

“It was a little different than anything else we’ve worked on, but it means a lot to me because I like to see that the oceans are being taking care of,” said Junior Duckworth, owner of Duckworth Steel Boats.

This fall, the W.T. Hogarth will replace the nearly 50-year old R/V Bellows, by joining the FIO’s academic fleet with an inaugural voyage, undertaking a circumnavigation of Florida’s coast.

Modified Phase III water shortage restrictions

On Tuesday, May 23, 2017 The Southwest Florida Water Management District’s Governing Board voted to increase water restrictions throughout the region. The Modified Phase III water shortage affects counties throughout the District’s boundaries including Charlotte, Citrus, DeSoto, Hardee, Hernando, Highlands, Hillsborough, Lake, Levy, Manatee, Marion, Pasco, Pinellas, Polk, Sarasota and Sumter.

Effective Date and Areas

  • The District’s Modified Phase III water shortage restrictions are in effect June 5, 2017 through August 1, 2017, except where stricter measures have been imposed by local governments.
  • These measures currently apply to all of Citrus, DeSoto, Hardee, Hernando, Hillsborough, Manatee, Pasco, Pinellas and Sarasota counties; the portions of Charlotte, Highlands, Lake, Levy, Marion, Polk, and Sumter, within the District’s jurisdiction; and Gasparilla Island (including the portion in Lee County) except as noted below.
  • Some local governments, such as St. Petersburg, have local ordinances with special watering times.
  • Some local governments, such as Sarasota County and Dunedin, have local ordinances with special one-day-per-week schedules.
  • Ocala and most of unincorporated Marion County follows the St. Johns River Water Management District’s water restrictions; however, the City of Dunnellon and The Villages remain under the Southwest Florida Water Management District’s water restrictions.
  • Unincorporated Levy County follows the Suwannee River Water Management District.
  • These restrictions apply to the use of wells and surface sources such as ponds, rivers and canals, in addition to utility-supplied water.

Parking lot may be replaced with pond to help with flood control

Turning land into parking lots is not uncommon, but turning a parking lot into a potential city resource is rare.

That’s what city officials may do with an old eyesore of a parking lot across from the city shuffle board court on Ninth Street West and 15th Avenue West in Ballard Park. As the city launches an effort to improve its parking lots, that particular lot may be destined for removal in favor of a retention pond.

Public Works Director Jim McLellan supports turning the lot into a retention pond.

“From a stormwater standpoint, everything rushes to Ware’s Creek at the same time,” McLellan said. “If we can even delay that water for a little bit, it will mitigate that rush of water.”

The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers spent $53.7 million on a Ware’s Creek flood mitigation project, but the project, completed in April 2016, was never designed to stop the creek from flooding after a heavy storm drops several inches of rain in a short amount of time. Two months later the creek was tested with minor rainfalls from Tropical Storm Colin and the Corps boasted its success.

TBEP director Holly Greening to retire in early 2018

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TBEP Executive Director Holly Greening announced her retirement in February 2018. Holly has been with TBEP since the Program formed in 1991, serving 17 years as Senior Scientist and the last 10 as Executive Director.

"Although I truly believe this is 'the best job in the world', I am ready to explore other avenues and interests," Holly said.

Over the next several months, Holly will work with TBEP's Policy Board to facilitate the selection process for her successor, with the goal of enabling the Board to interview and rank the most qualified candidates at their November meeting. A job announcement will be published in late August or early September.

TBEP's longtime Public Outreach Coordinator, Nanette O'Hara, is retiring a few months earlier than Holly, in November 2017. Nanette has been with the Program for 20 years.

Instagram contest showcases Bay's seasonal beauty

Images of dolphins, sunsets, birds, and even blueberries were among the 150 photos submitted in the #LTBSpring contest on Instagram. The contest was part of the #Love Tampa Bay bay awareness campaign.

Instagram users were asked to tag photos that illustrate why they love Spring in Tampa Bay.

Lauren Clark of St. Petersburg was the winner, with a beautiful back and white image of a dolphin along St. Pete's waterfront. She received free kayak rentals from Sweetwater Kayaks and tickets to The Florida Aquarium.

Thanks to all the sponsors and participants!

Blue carbon research shows value of coastal habitats

In addition to filtering pollutants, preventing erosion, buffering storm surge and serving as fertile nurseries for seafood, new research is showing that coastal wetlands are highly effective at trapping and removing carbon from the atmosphere -- helping to mitigate the impacts of climate change.

The study, involving multiple federal, state and local agencies and organizations, including TBEP, assessed the climate mitigation potential of "blue carbon" habitats and how sea-level rise will impact these habitats. The report also provides management recommendations for habitat adaptation.

Marshes, mangroves and seagrasses in Tampa Bay can remove more than 73 million tons of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere over the next 100 years, according to a study involving multiple federal and state environmental agencies and organizations, including TBEP. This equates to taking 160,000 passenger cars off the road every year until 2100, and saving 4.25 million gallons of gas every year from 2007 until 2100.

Blue carbon refers to the ability of tidal wetlands and seagrass habitats to sequester, store or release carbon and other greenhouse gases. Blue carbon ecosystems capture atmospheric carbon and store it in the ground at rates 10 times greater than forests on a per acre basis. According to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), mangrove forests and coastal wetlands may be able to store up to five times more carbon than a tropical forest of equal size. Damaging these ecosystems can harm their ability to continue trapping carbon, as well as release carbon that's already sequestered.

Unlike forests, coastal wetlands store carbon mainly in soils (rather than in foliage or limbs). It can remain locked in soils for centuries or more. When these ecosystems are drained or degraded, the stored carbon can be rapidly released back into the atmosphere - sometimes releasing centuries worth of stored carbon in only a few decades. Protecting our critical coastal habitats not only protects the ecosystem services they provide (such as improved water quality, storm protection, and wildlife habitat), it can also mitigate climate change.

It's a wrap! Volunteer workdays take a summer vacation

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Our "Give A Day For The Bay" workday season concluded in May with a trash bash along the shoreline near the Blackthorn Memorial on the Sunshine Skyway Bridge approach. More than 70 volunteers removed 1,400 pounds of trash and debris.

Here is the Tampa Bay Estuary Program's Give A Day For The Bay 2016-2017 "season of sweat," by the numbers:

  • 504 volunteers participated in six workdays
  • They donated 2,016 hours of their time
  • They removed 8 tons of invasive plants, trash and debris
  • They installed 20,000 native plants!
View photos from their volunteer workdays on their Flicker photostream.

TBEP workdays will resume in September. Join their volunteer team by signing up here.

Bay restoration and research grants announced

TBEP recently awarded more than $880,000 for bay research and restoration projects through the Tampa Bay Environmental Restoration Fund (TBERF).

This year's Fund contributors are the Southwest Florida Water Management District, Florida Department of Transportation, Hillsborough County, Mosaic Company Foundation, City of St. Petersburg, Pinellas County, Community Foundation of Tampa Bay, Hillsborough County Environmental Protection Commission, Tampa Electric Company and Port Tampa Bay.

Nine proposals were recommended for funding by an evaluation committee and approved by TBEP's Policy Board. They are:

  • Boyd Hill Nature Preserve Freshwater Wetland Restoration ($200,000)

  • Coastal and Estuarine Acidification Monitoring in the Tampa Bay Region ($147,579)

  • Evaluation of Sportfish Habitat Utilization, Growth, and Condition at Large-Scale Restorations in Tampa Bay to Inform and Prioritize Past, Future, and Ongoing Restoration Activities ($114,912)

  • Hard Bottom Mapping and Characterization within the Tampa Bay Watershed ($52,500)**

  • Ignacio Haya Living Shoreline ($76,000)

  • Microplastics in Tampa Bay ($40,000)

  • Mobbly Bayou Habitat Restoration ($200,000)

  • Perico Robinson Connector ($39,333)

  • Woodstork Stormwater Pond Restoration ($10,000)**

Pace of sea-level rise has tripled since 1990, new study shows

Virtually all 2.5 million Miami-Dade residents live on land that's less than ten feet above sea level. In terms of real-estate assets vulnerable to flooding, Miami is the second most exposed city on Earth, behind only Guangzhou, China. And Miami is basically the poster child for the effects of climate change, because the city has already begun flooding on sunny days.

But now a new study shows the seas are actually rising three times faster as they were in the 1990s.

Using a new satellite technique, the study in the scientific journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences estimates that before 1990, the ocean was rising at a rate of roughly 1.1 millimeter per year. From 1990 to 2012, however, that rate spiked to 3.1 millimeters per year. Though that rate might still seem small, even a rise of a few millimeters worldwide can lead to increased flooding events or more deadly storm surges at an alarming pace.

Importantly, the study's authors claim the new data — first reported by the Washington Post — shows that scientists had previously underestimated how fast the oceans were rising before 1990, before widespread satellite data was available.

New construction rises in Cortez waterway

Karen Bell didn’t have much to say in mid-May about ongoing construction in Sarasota Bay not far from the A.P. Bell Fish Co. docks and the Cortez shoreline.

Cortez artist Linda Molto says she wants to know what’s going on. “Everybody is wondering and no one knows,” she said.

Raymond Leslie Guthrie Jr. and Capt. Tom Mora built the structure and they’re using it for storage and a workshop, according to Mora. Guthrie said he plans to conduct seagrass experiments at night.

The structure is in Sarasota Bay — not attached to land — an Outstanding Florida Waterway and a national estuary.

Molto wondered, “Aren’t there building restrictions?”

The Florida Department of Environmental Protection, which regulates submerged lands, is unaware of any permits, Shannon Herbon, DEP media relations spokeswoman, wrote in a May 25 email.

The DEP is looking to determine whether the land beneath the structure is state or privately owned before it evaluates what regulations apply, she added.

Stone crab rebound continues as catch nears 3 million pounds

CORTEZ — The end of stone crab season today marks the second year of a rebound with a harvest of about 3 million pounds of claws valued at $30 million.

“This year, the preliminary data through April was that we’re approaching 2.5 million pounds,” said Ryan Gandy, a research scientist with the Florida Fish & Wildlife Conservation Commission in St. Petersburg. “So we’re on track for this season to be pretty close to last year.”

That estimate surprised Karen Bell at the A.P. Bell Fish Company in Cortez. “I think we had a better year this year,” she said. “This was a good year. It was pretty steady. One of the holidays, we didn’t have much — Christmas or New Year’s, I forget which one.”

Bell expects a Monday rush of stone crab fans at her Star Fish Company Dockside Restaurant. “We’re about to do the last batch of stone crab chowder,” she said. “We only do it in season.”

The Florida stone crab season runs from Oct. 15 to May 15. Crabbers string traps up and down the Gulf Coast. When they pull crabs from a trap, they break off the claws, which grow back, and then toss the crabs back into the water.

Bell remembers several lean years for stone crabs. In 2012-13, the catch was 2.1 million pounds. In 2013-14, it fell to a low of 1.9 million pounds. In 2014-15, that number rose to 2.2 million pounds. Last year, it was 3.1 million pounds worth $33.4 million.

Watering restrictions in Manatee County

Current Guidelines:

* Lawn watering is limited to one (1) time per week.

* If your address is EVEN (the last digit is 0, 2, 4, 6, or 8) you may water on Thursday AND/OR Sunday between the hours of Midnight to 8:00 a.m. OR between the hours of 6:00 p.m. to Midnight.

* If you address is ODD (the last digit is 1, 3, 5, 7, 9 or the property has no address) you may water on Wednesday AND/OR Saturday between the hours of Midnight to 8:00 a.m. OR between the hours of 6:00 p.m. to Midnight.

* If the property has NO address numbers you may water on Tuesday AND/OR Friday between the hours of Midnight to 8:00 a.m. OR between the hours of 6:00 p.m. to Midnight.